(a) The process by which an authorized certifying body, either governmental or non-governmental, evaluates and recognizes an individual or organization as having met certain requirements. For example, the process by which a standards organization certifies that a company has met requirements for an industry standard.

(b) Documentation by a qualified authority that a shipment of goods has conformed to certain requirements such as quality standards, quantity, volume, or country of origin. For example, a country of origin document provided by a local chamber of commerce and industry.

(c) A document attesting to the truth of certain facts. For example, a document attesting to the authenticity of signatures or documents in connection with a letter of credit.

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