(WTO) The ninth round of multilateral trade negotiations concerning the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). The Doha Round began in November 2001 and trade representatives from 141 countries have participated in negotiations to lower tariff and non-tariff barriers to trade.
As of the writing of this entry in late 2008, Doha Round negotiations have stalled due to three groups of issues:
1) Major differences related to agriculture, industrial tariffs, non-tariff barriers, trade in services, and trade remedies. 2) Fundamental differences between developed nations and developing nations. In the former group are the United States, Japan, and countries of the European Union. The latter group is being led mainly by India, Brazil, China, and South Africa. 3) Differences between the European Union and the United States related to agricultural subsidies.
The Doha Round began with a ministerial-level meeting in Doha, QATA in November 2001 with subsequent ministerial meetings in Cancún , Mexico (2003) and Hong Kong, SAR, China (2005). Other related negotiations have taken place in Geneva, Switzerland (2004, 2006, 2008); Paris, France (2005); and Potsdam, Germany (2007). Go to www.wto.org for more information. See trade rounds for an at-a-glance table of all trade rounds to date.