dry bulk vessel
(shipping) An ocean vessel designed to carry dry bulk cargo. A dry bulk carrier typically has a flush deck with numerous waterproof hatches covering holds into which bulk cargo is stored. Some bulk carriers have deck cranes. Cargo carried includes coal, phosphates, iron and other ores, cocoa, grains, fertilizers, animal feeds, scrap metal, and other dry, loose cargo. Cargo can be loaded by terminal-based gravity chutes or by shore- or ship-based overhead vacuum pumps, which suck the cargo in and out of the holds of the ship. Special types of bulk carriers designed for use on the Great Lakes of the U.S. and Canada transport potash, cement, salt, grain, coal, stone, and iron ore.