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Export Administration Review Board (EARB)

U.S. government

A U.S. cabinet-level export licensing dispute resolution group. The EARB was originally established in June 1970 under Executive Order 11533. Under Executive Order 12755 of March 1991, EARB membership includes the Departments of Commerce (as chair), State, Defense, and Energy, the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency and, as nonvoting members, the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Central Intelligence Agency. The EARB is the final review body to resolve differences among agency views on the granting of an export license.

Preceding EARB review are:

  1. Operating Committees,
  2. the Advisory Committee on Export Policy.

National Security Directive #53 requires escalation of disputes regarding an export license to the Advisory Committee on Export Policy (ACEP) not later than 100 days from the filing date of the applicant’s application. Any cases not resolved at the ACEP level must be escalated to the EARB within 35 days of the date of the ACEP meeting. Cases not resolved by the EARB must be escalated to the president for resolution.

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