Free Carrier (…named place of delivery) (FCA)
(obsolete-Incoterms 2000) An international trade term of sale in which, for the quoted price, the seller/exporter/manufacturer clears the goods for export and then delivers them to the carrier specified by the buyer at the named place.
If the named place is the seller’s place of business, the seller is responsible for loading the goods onto the transport vehicle. If the named place is any other location, such as the loading dock of the carrier, the seller is not responsible for loading the goods onto the transport vehicle.
The Free Carrier term may be used for any mode of transport, including multimodal.
“Carrier” has a specific and somewhat expanded meaning. A carrier can be a shipping line, an airline, a trucking firm, or a railway. The carrier can also be an individual or firm who undertakes to procure carriage by any of the above methods of transport including multimodal. Therefore, a person, such as a freight forwarder, can act as a “carrier” under this term. In such a case, the buyer names the carrier or the individual who is to receive the goods.
The Free Carrier term is often used when making an initial quotation for the sale of goods.
See Free Carrier, Incoterms 2010 below.