National Security Directives (NSD)

(U.S.) NSDs provide policy or procedural guidance and are signed by the president. In 1989, the president reorganized the national security council committee process (separate from the Export Administration Review Board (EARB)). As reorganized, under the National Security Council (NSC), there are committees for Coordinating Committee for Multilateral Export Controls (CoCom), terrorism, nonproliferation, etc. NSDs were known as National Security Decision Directives, NSDDs, before President Bush’s reorganization. NSD-1 reorganized the process; NSD-10 established the committees; NSD-53 deals with export licensing. The scope of coverage and the players are about the same under the NSD and NSDD processes.

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