A limitation on the quantity of goods that may be imported into a country from all countries or from specific countries during a set period of time.

(a) Absolute quotas permit a limited number of units of specified merchandise to be entered or withdrawn for consumption in a country during specified periods.
(b) Tariff-rate quotas permit a specified quantity of merchandise to be entered or withdrawn in a country at a reduced rate during a specified period.

U.S. Customs

In the United States, quotas are established by Presidential Proclamations, Executive Orders, or other legislation. See quantitative restrictions; quota system; visa.

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