Section 301

(U.S.) Under Section 301 of the Trade Act of 1974, firms can complain about a foreign country’s trade policies or practices that are harmful to U.S. commerce. The section empowers the United States Trade Representative (USTR) to investigate the allegations and to negotiate the removal of any trade barriers. The section requires that the World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute resolution process be invoked where applicable and, if negotiations fail, to retaliate within 180 days from the date that discovery of a trade agreement violation took place.
This provision enables the president to withdraw concessions or restrict imports from countries that discriminate against U.S. exports, subsidize their own exports to the United States, or engage in other unjustifiable or unreasonable practices that burden or discriminate against U.S. trade. See Super 301; Special 301.

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