United States International Trade Commission
(U.S. government) Formerly the U.S. Tariff Commission, which was created in 1916 by an Act of Congress. Its mandate was broadened and its name changed by the Trade Act of 1974. It is an independent fact-finding agency of the U.S. government that studies the effects of tariffs and other restraints to trade on the U.S. economy. It conducts public hearings to assist in determining whether particular U.S. industries are injured or threatened with injury by dumping, export subsidies in other countries, or rapidly rising imports. It also studies the probable economic impact on specific U.S. industries of proposed reductions in U.S. tariffs and non-tariff barriers to imports. Its six members are appointed by the president with the advice and consent of the U.S. Senate for nine-year terms (six-year terms prior to 1974). Contact: International Trade Commission; 500 E Street SW; Washington, DC 20436 USA; Tel:  (202) 205-2000; Web: www.usitc.gov.